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          @DDDDDDDD6 CERT Advisory: NeXT System Software :DDDDDDDDY
                   HMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM<


Just got this today.  For all of you that have ran into NeXT software or
are currently running it, enjoy.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CA-90:06                       CERT Advisory
                              October 2, 1990
                          NeXT's System Software

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
This message is to alert administrators of NeXT Computers of four
potentially serious security problems.

The information contained in this message has been provided by David Besemer,
NeXT Computer, Inc.  The following describes the four security problems,
NeXT's recommended solutions and the known system impact.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Problem #1 DESCRIPTION:  On Release 1.0 and 1.0a a script exists in
  /usr/etc/restore0.9 that is a setuid shell script.  The existence of
  this script is a potential security problem.

  Problem #1 IMPACT:  The script is only needed during the installation
  process and isn't needed for normal usage.  It is possible for any
  logged in user to gain root access.

  Problem #1 SOLUTION:  NeXT owners running Release 1.0 or 1.0a should
  remove /usr/etc/restore0.9 from all disks.  This file is installed by
  the "BuildDisk" application, so it should be removed from all systems
  built with the standard release disk, as well as from the standard
  release disk itself (which will prevent the file from being installed
  on systems built with the standard release disk in the future).  You
  must be root to remove this script, and the command that will remove
  the script is the following:

  # /bin/rm /usr/etc/restore0.9

                                    ---

  Problem #2 DESCRIPTION:  On NeXT computers running Release 1.0 or
  1.0a that also have publicly accessible printers, users can gain
  extra permissions via a combination of bugs.

  Problem #2 IMPACT:  Computer intruders are able to exploit this security
  problem to gain access to the system.  Intruders, local users and remote
  users are able to gain root access.

  Problem #2 SOLUTION:  NeXT computer owners running Release 1.0 or
  1.0a should do two things to fix a potential security problem.
  First, the binary /usr/lib/NextPrinter/npd must be replaced with a
  more secure version.  This more secure version of npd is available
  through your NeXT support center.  Upon receiving a copy of the more
  secure npd, you must become root and install it in place of the old
  one in /usr/lib/NextPrinter/npd.  The new npd binary needs to be
  installed with the same permission bits (6755) and owner (root) as
  the old npd binary.  The commands to install the new npd binary are
  the following:

  # /bin/mv /usr/lib/NextPrinter/npd /usr/lib/NextPrinter/npd.old
  # /bin/mv newnpd /usr/lib/NextPrinter/npd
          (In the above command, "newnpd" is the npd binary
          that you obtained from your NeXT support center.)
  # /etc/chown root /usr/lib/NextPrinter/npd
  # /etc/chmod 6755 /usr/lib/NextPrinter/npd

  The second half of the fix to this potential problem is to change the
  permissions of directories on the system that are currently owned and
  able to be written by group "wheel".  The command that will remove
  write permission for directories owned and writable by group "wheel"
  is below.  This command is all one line, and should be run as root.

  # find / -group wheel ! -type l -perm -20 ! -perm -2 -ls -exec chmod
  g-w ¤‡ Ø; -o -fstype nfs -prune

                                    ---

  Problem #3 DESCRIPTION:  On NeXT computers running any release of the
  system software,  public access to the window server may be a
  potential security problem.

  The default in Release 1.0 or 1.0a is correctly set so that public access
  to the window server is not available.  It is possible, when upgrading from
  a prior release, that the old configuration files will be reused.  These
  old configuration files could possibly enable public access to the window
  server.

  Problem #3 IMPACT:  This security problem will enable an intruder to gain
  access to the system.

  Problem #3 SOLUTION:  If public access isn't needed, it should be disabled.

  1. Launch the Preferences application, which is located in /NextApps
  2. Select the UNIX panel by pressing the button with the UNIX
     certificate on it.
  3. If the box next to Public Window Server contains a check, click on
     the box to remove the check.

                                    ---

  Problem #4 DESCRIPTION: On NeXT computers running any release of the
  system software, the "BuildDisk" application is executable by all users.

  Problem #4 IMPACT:  Allows a user to gain root access.

  Problem #4 SOLUTION: Change the permissions on the "BuildDisk" application
  allowing only root to execute it.  This can be accomplished with the
  command:

  # chmod 4700 /NextApps/BuildDisk

  To remove "BuildDisk" from the default icon dock for new users, do the
  following:

  1. Create a new user account using the UserManager application.
  2. Log into the machine as that new user.
  3. Remove the BuildDisk application from the Application Dock by dragging
     it out.
  4. Log out of the new account and log back in as root.
  5. Copy the file in Änewuser/.NeXT/.dock to /usr/template/user/.NeXT/.dock
        (where Änewuser is the home directory of the new user account)
  6. Set the protections appropriately using the following command:
        # chmod 555 /usr/template/user/.NeXT/.dock
  7. If you wish, with UserManager, remove the user account that you created
     in step 1.

  In release 2.0, the BuildDisk application will prompt for the root password
  if it is run by a normal user.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONTACT INFORMATION

For further questions, please contact your NeXT support center.

NeXT has also reported that these potential problems have been fixed in
NeXT's Release 2.0, which will be available in November, 1990.

Thanks to Corey Satten and Scott Dickson for discovering, documenting, and
helping resolve these problems.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------


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